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Date de publication: 10 oct. 2011
Auteur: Y.B.
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L'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques a publié ses travaux pour le G20 :

Employment: OECD and ILO heads call for G20 action

The Heads of the OECD and the International Labour Organization expressed their concern over the seriousness of the jobs crisis at the meeting of G20 Labour and Employment ministers in Paris on 26-27 September. “This is the human face of the crisis,” they said. “Governments cannot ignore it.” New OECD/ILO analysis reveals that twenty million jobs are still missing in the G20 countries to regain the pre-crisis employment rate, and the job shortfall may increase to even 40 million by the end of 2012 if the current low employment growth of 0.8 per cent were to persist over next year.

>> Read more: Latest OECD Employment Outlook
>> Remarks by the OECD Secretary-General

Reforming fossil-fuel subsidies to improve the economy and the environment

The G20 leaders in 2009 agreed to phase out subsidies that “encourage wasteful consumption, reduce our energy security, impede investment in clean energy sources and undermine efforts to deal with the threat of climate change”. New OECD and IEA data and analysis reveal that governments and taxpayers spent about half a trillion US dollars last year supporting the production and consumption of fossil fuels. Removing inefficient subsidies would raise national revenues and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions.

Agriculture: Report to G20 on food price volatility

A new inter-agency report coordinated by the FAO and OECD offers G20 leaders a range of options for mitigating and managing the risks associated with food and agricultural commodity volatility.

G20 and business members share offshore oil and gas best practices for global marine environment protection

G20’s Global Marine Environment Protection (GMEP) Working Group met with business leaders at the OECD to share best practices to protect the marine environment by preventing accidents related to offshore exploration and development, as well as marine transportation.

African messages for the G20 in response to agricultural and food price volatility

In the run-up to G20 summit on agriculture, the Sahel and West Africa Club/OECD organised an international conference on the impact of price volatility on African economies. The conference, which is part of wider G20 outreach to Africa, offered government officials and other experts a forum for discussion of practical solutions and potential policy responses to food price volatility in the African context.

Nuclear safety: Learning the lessons from Fukushima

The international community must learn from Japan’s Fukushima disaster, to improve cooperation on crisis management and the prevention of risks, according to participants in a ministerial meeting organized by France and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency.

Surveillance by international institutions: lessons from the global financial and economic crisis

This paper reviews surveillance activities of the OECD as well as the IMF and the BIS in the run-up to the global financial and economic crisis that began in mid-2007. It discuss issues relevant to strengthening their surveillance activities for making appropriate policy recommendations and issuing warnings in order to prevent such crisis in the future.

Corruption: G20 business and government

Government officials and business leaders at the G20/OECD Conference discussed the challenges that remain for both business and governments, as well as possible solutions and the need for continuing this dialogue on a more regular and systematic basis. The G20 Business Summit (B20) under the leadership of MEDEF will provide the opportunity to further discuss these issues through the development of a business pledge to complement G20 efforts to fight corruption.

Capital controls

Money flooding into emerging economies in search of high returns can damage local currencies and markets if it suddenly flows out again. This has triggered renewed interest in the use of capital controls. Under France’s presidency in 2011, the G20 is discussing ways to help countries make the most of capital flows. The OECD’s Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements is an important contribution to this debate.

Framework for sustainable growth

The OECD has developed a comprehensive range of strategies to restore economic growth through structural reforms and innovation.

Résumé :

Restructuring the international monetary system, rebalancing the global economy and taming commodity price volatility are among the ambitious goals G20 countries have been asked to work towards under France’s presidency in 2011.

The OECD plays a key role supporting the G20 with analysis, data and policy recommendations.