L'IATA, l'Association internationale du transport aérien a publié son "AIR TRANSPORT MARKET ANALYSIS" pour le mois de novembre 2011 et observe une baisse du trafic passagers entre mois d'octobre et de novembre 2011.
Le secteur affiche une hausse du trafic de 4,3% par rapport au même mois l'année précédente.
En revanche, entre octobre et novembre 2011, le trafic de passagers a diminué de 0,5%.
L'IATA estime que l'industrie aérienne va réaliser un bénéfice collectif de 6,9 milliards de dollars en 2011 pour une marge nette de 1,2%.
Points clés :
Passenger air travel fell in November compared to October and air freight markets have remained weak compared to levels reached earlier in the year.
Total passenger RPKs contracted by 0.5% from October. The year-on-year comparison shows 4.3% growth, versus 3.6% in October 2010. However, this acceleration in growth is not representative of actual performance, because the comparison is being made with a weak November 2010.
International markets were weaker in November than domestic markets. International markets contracted 1.5% compared to October, while domestic markets grew 1.3%. China’s domestic market showed notable strength, and India has continued its expansion. Japan’s domestic recovery declined slightly over the preceding month, keeping
RPKs about 10% lower than pre-earthquake levels.
Passenger load factors fell significantly in international markets in November versus October, increasing the difficulty for airlines to sustain the unit revenues achieved in Q3.
Although freight load factors showed some improvement in November, the overall market conditions continue to deteriorate with load factors now 6 percentage points lower than their peak in mid-2010.
Freight markets have fallen 4% since highs at the start of 2011, with the Asia Pacific market indicating the deepest growth declines over the year.
Business confidence, as represented by the Purchasing Managers’ Index, is persisting at levels that indicate contraction. A further weakening of air travel and freight markets in the months ahead looks likely.
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